William and Alice McKenzie Residence

4994 45th Avenue
Delta, BC

Built: 1921
 

The McKenzie Residence is a one-and-one-half storey vernacular Craftsman bungalow with a projecting front-gabled porch. This north-facing house has views to the North Shore mountains.

Status: Still Standing

The McKenzie Residence - 2006
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Heritage Value

The McKenzie Residence is significant for its connection to long-term Ladner residents, William and Alice McKenzie (1882-1965). The McKenzies settled in Ladner in 1918. William Hugh Alexander McKenzie (1877-1965) had trained in optometry and watch-making in Boston, Massachusetts, and upon arriving in Delta, purchased the local jewellry business, which he ran until 1944. The McKenzies lived in the house until their respective deaths in 1965.

This Craftsman bungalow was the first house to be built on this street after the subdivision of W.H. Ladner's property. Dating from 1921, it is a good example of a Craftsman bungalow, which was the most popular housing style of the early twentieth century. The Craftsman style was typified by rational space planning, the use of natural materials and a mix of traditional design elements, inspired by the Arts and Crafts movement. This house displays distinctive Craftsman elements, such as triple porch columns and scroll-cut ornamentation, and also demonstrates the persistence of the Craftsman influence after the end of World War I.

Character-Defining Elements

Key elements that define the heritage character of the McKenzie Residence include its:

  • compatible residential setting
  • residential form, scale and massing, as expressed by its one-and-one-half storey height with raised basement, rectangular plan with front-gabled roof, and projecting front-gabled porch
  • wood-frame construction, with original wooden siding under a later coat of stucco cladding
  • Craftsman detailing, such as triple porch columns, pointed bargeboards, and open eaves with exposed rafter tails
  • additional exterior details, such as one external red-brick chimney and one internal red-brick chimney
  • multi-paned wooden-sash casement windows with multi-paned transoms, double-hung wooden-sash windows, and square, multi-paned windows flanking the main floor fireplace